Grain-oriented ferroelectric bismuth titanate thin film prepared from acetate precursor

Yanxia Lu, David T. Hoelzer, Walter A. Schulze, Bruce Tuttle, B. G. Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Bismuth titanate (Bi4Ti3O12) thin films were fabricated by a spin coating deposition and rapid thermal processing (RTP) technique. The acetate-derived solution for deposition was synthesized by blending dissolved bismuth acetate in aqueous acetic acid and then adding titanium acetate. A series of electrically insulating, semiconducting and conducting substrates were evaluated for Bi4Ti3O12 films deposition. X-ray diffraction indicated that the initial crystallization temperature of the Bi4Ti3O12 films was 500°C or less; a 700°C crystallization treatment was used to obtain single phase films. The Bi4Ti3O12 film crystallographic orientation is shown to depend on three factors: substrate type; number of coating layers; and thermal processing. While preferred c-direction orientation was observed for films deposited on silver foil substrates, preferred a-direction orientation was obtained for films deposited on both Si and Pt coated Si wafers. The films were dense, smooth, crack-free and had grain sizes ranging from 20 to 400 nm. Film thickness and refractive index were determined using a combination of ellipsometry, waveguide refractometry and TEM techniques. The refractive index is close to the value of single crystal BIT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Acetate
  • Bismuth titanate thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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