GPS measurement of surface deformation around Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat from October 1995 to July 1996

Glen S. Mattioli, Timothy H. Dixon, Fredric Farina, Ellen S. Howell, Pamela E. Jansma, Alan L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Global Positioning System geodesy was used to measure surface deformation on Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat from October 6, 1995 to July 1, 1997 during initial dome growth and gravitational collapse. Our data from this period show non-axially symmetric horizontal displacements, and decreasing subsidence as a function of radial distance from the former topographic high of the volcanic edifice. Forward modeling suggests that surface deformation is caused by a shallow vertical dike (< 3 km), which exapnded approximately 1 m, coupled with a deflating Mogi source at about 6 km depth. these inferred source parameters are in good agreement with independent observation sof regional dike widths and pre-eruption magma storage depth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3417-3420
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume25
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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