The three-dimensional Maxwell-Bloch system governs the multi-longitudinal and transverse mode dynamics of two level wide aperture lasers in an optical ring cavity. The system is hyperbolic in the propagation direction, and dispersive in the transverse directions due to diffraction effects. A rich variety of optical patterns and chaos are present in the dynamics. We show the global existence of weak solutions in Lp (2 ≦ p < ∞) spaces of the Maxwell-Bloch system under both absorbing and periodic boundary conditions. The weak solutions are unique within the class of solutions provided by our regularization procedure and approach a universal attractor which has only partial smoothing instead of the C∞ smoothing property found in early works for the (longitudinal) one-dimensional and (transverse) two-dimensional cases. The idea of the proof makes essential use of both the hyperbolicity and dispersivity of the system. In the case of periodic boundary condition, our result depends on a conjectural Strichartz inequality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics