Global Late Quaternary Fluvial Paleohydrology: With Special Emphasis on Paleofloods and Megafloods

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

37 Scopus citations


Fluvial paleohydrology was initiated in the 1950s with a study of late Quaternary river terraces. It evolved to include regime studies of paleochannels, paleocompetence analysis, and alluvial chronology. More recent global studies have emphasized the paleostage estimation of Holocene paleofloods. Extensive paleoflood hydrological work in western North America, Europe, Israel, India, South Africa, Australia, and China is providing relatively accurate estimates of magnitude and frequency for the most extreme, hazardous floods. Even more spectacular discoveries have been made in regard to megafloods, which are paleofloods where peak discharges have equaled or exceeded 1 million cubic meters per second. Most of the known megafloods and related catastrophic flooding phenomena are associated with large-scale glaciation, notably that which occurred in the terminal phases of the Pleistocene, associated with the Laurentide and Cordilleran Ice Sheets in North America, the Patagonian Ice Sheet of South America, the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet in Europe, and various mountain and lowland ice sheets of central Asia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFluvial Geomorphology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9780080885223
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • Alluvial chronology
  • Fluvial paleohydrology
  • Glaciation
  • Ice sheets
  • Megafloods
  • Paleofloods
  • Quaternary
  • Rivers
  • Slackwater deposits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Global Late Quaternary Fluvial Paleohydrology: With Special Emphasis on Paleofloods and Megafloods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this