Ghost Interaction of Breathers

Gang Xu, Andrey Gelash, Amin Chabchoub, Vladimir Zakharov, Bertrand Kibler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Mutual interaction of localized nonlinear waves, e.g., solitons and modulation instability patterns, is a fascinating and intensively-studied topic of nonlinear science. Here we report the observation of a novel type of breather interaction in telecommunication optical fibers, in which two identical breathers propagate with opposite group velocities. Under controlled conditions, neither amplification nor annihilation occurs at the collision point and most interestingly, the respective envelope amplitude, resulting from the interaction, almost equals another envelope maximum of either oscillating and counterpropagating breather. This ghost-like breather interaction dynamics is fully described by an N-breather solution of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number608894
JournalFrontiers in Physics
StatePublished - Dec 7 2020


  • breathers
  • modulation instability
  • nonlinear fiber optics
  • nonlinear waves
  • solitons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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