Genome-Wide Association Study of Metachronous Colorectal Adenoma Risk among Participants in the Selenium Trial

Mario Jesus Trejo, Ken Batai, Yuliang Chen, Stefanie Brezina, H. H.Sherry Chow, Nathan Ellis, Peter Lance, Chiu Hsieh Hsu, Kristen Pogreba-Brown, Maria Bishop, Andrea Gsur, Elizabeth T. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genetic variants related to colorectal adenoma may help identify those who are at highest risk of colorectal cancer development or illuminate potential chemopreventive strategies. The purpose of this genome-wide association study was to identify genetic variants that are associated with risk of developing a metachronous colorectal adenoma among 1,215 study participants of European descent from the Selenium Trial. Associations of variants were assessed with logistic regression analyses and validated in an independent case-control study population of 1,491 participants from the Colorectal Cancer Study of Austria (CORSA). No statistically significant genome-wide associations between any variant and metachronous adenoma were identified after correction for multiple comparisons. However, an intron variant of FAT3 gene, rs61901554, showed a suggestive association (P = 1.10 × 10−6) and was associated with advanced adenomas in CORSA (P = 0.04). Two intronic variants, rs12728998 and rs6699944 in NLRP3 were also observed to have suggestive associations with metachronous lesions (P = 2.00 × 10−6) in the Selenium Trial and were associated with advanced adenoma in CORSA (P = 0.03). Our results provide new areas of investigation for the genetic basis of the development of metachronous colorectal adenoma and support a role for FAT3 involvement in the Wnt/β-catenin pathway leading to colorectal neoplasia. Trial Registration number: NCT00078897 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNutrition and cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Oncology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cancer Research

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