Surfactant protein-A (SP-A) is an important mediator of pulmonary immunity. A specific genetic variation in SP-A2, corresponding to a glutamine (Q) to lysine (K) amino acid substitution at position 223 of the lectin domain, was shown to alter the ability of SP-A to inhibit eosinophil degranulation. Because a large subgroup of asthmatics have associated eosinophilia, often accompanied by inflammation associated with delayed clearance, our goal was to define how SP-A mediates eosinophil resolution in allergic airways and whether genetic variation affects this activity. Wild-type, SP-A knockout (SP-A KO) and humanized (SP-A2 223Q/Q, SP-A2 223K/K) C57BL/6 mice were challenged in an allergic OVA model, and parameters of inflammation were examined. Peripheral blood eosinophils were isolated to assess the effect of SP-A genetic variation on apoptosis and chemotaxis. Five days postchallenge, SP-A KO and humanized SP-A2 223K/K mice had persistent eosinophilia in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid compared with wild-type and SP-A2 223Q/Q mice, suggesting an impairment in eosinophil resolution. In vitro, human SP-A containing either the 223Q or the 223K allele was chemoattractant for eosinophils whereas only 223Q resulted in decreased eosinophil viability. Our results suggest that SP-A aids in the resolution of allergic airway inflammation by promoting eosinophil clearance from lung tissue through chemotaxis, independent of SP-A2 Q223K, and by inducing apoptosis of eosinophils, which is altered by the polymorphism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy