Genetic deletion of prostacyclin IP receptor exacerbates transient global cerebral ischemia in aging mice

Hania Shakil, Sofiyan Saleem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transient global cerebral ischemia causes delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region. It also induces an up regulation of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), which generates several metabolites of arachidonic acid, known as prostanoids, including Prostaglandin I2 (PGI2). The present study investigated whether the PGI2 IP receptor plays an important role in brain injury after global cerebral ischemia in aged mice. Adult young (2-3 months) and aged (12-15 months) male C57Bl/6 wild-type (WT) or IP receptor knockout (IP KO) mice underwent a 12 min bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) or a sham surgery. Behavior tests (neurologic deficit and T-maze) were performed 3 and 7 days after BCCAO. After seven days of reperfusion, the numbers of cells positive for markers of neurons, astrocytes, microglia, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB) were evaluated immunohistochemically. Interestingly, in young and aged IP KO ischemic mice, there was a significant increase (p < 0.01) in cognitive deficit, hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neuron death, microglia and MPO activation, while p-CREB was reduced as compared to their corresponding WT controls. These data suggest that following ischemia, IP receptor deletion contributes to memory and cognitive deficits regulated by the CREB pathway and that treatment with IP receptor agonists could be a useful target to prevent harmful consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1095-1108
Number of pages14
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cognitive deficit
  • Global cerebral ischemia
  • Mouse
  • Prostaglandin I2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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