Generation and characterization of a human monoclonal antibody that neutralizes diverse HIV-1 isolates in vitro

Douglas F. Lake, Takashi Kawamura, Takami Tomiyama, W. Edward Robinson, Yoh Ichi Matsumoto, Yasuhiko Masuho, Evan M. Hersh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop and characterize human monoclonal antibodies (HuMAb) that neutralize HIV-1. Design: Based upon previous studies involving the generation of HuMAb that neutralize other enveloped viruses, we thought it feasible to generate HuMAb that might neutralize HIV-1. Methods: A HuMAb was generated by fusing splenic B-cells from an HIV-positive patient with a mouse myeloma cell line. Flow cytometry was used to determine surface reactivity of the HuMAb on HIV-infected and non-infected cells. Radioimmunoprecipitation was employed to elucidate the antigen recognized by the HuMAb. A cell survival assay was used to determine the ability of the HuMAb to neutralize divergent isolates of HIV-1 in the presence or absence of complement. A gp120-CD4 inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed in order to initiate studies to determine the mechanism of neutralization by the HuMAb. Results: An anti-HIV HuMAb was generated that neutralized two HIV-1 isolates (IIIB and MN) without complement and which neutralized one divergent isolate (RF) and one clinical isolate in the presence of complement. This HuMAb, designated S1-1, was found, by flow cytometric analysis, to react with the surface of HIV-1-infected but not with uninfected cells. Radioimmunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated that S1-1 binds to native HIV gp120, but not dithiothreitol (DTT)-treated gp120. In addition, HuMAb S1-1 did not bind to denatured HIV antigens in Western blot analysis. HuMAb S1-1 effectively inhibited the binding of gp120 to soluble CD4 in ELISA. Conclusions: These results suggest that the epitope recognized by S1-1 is conformational and conserved among diverse HIV-1 isolates and may represent an uncharacterized HIV neutralizing domain within or close to the CD4 binding domain on gp120. HuMAb S1-1 might have a role to play in vaccine development or passive immunotherapy. Keywords: Anti-HIV human monoclonal antibodies, HIV neutralization, complement-dependent neutralization of HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-24
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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