Generalized Brønsted-Evans-Polanyi Relationships for Reactions on Metal Surfaces from Machine Learning

Florian Göltl, Manos Mavrikakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Brønsted-Evans-Polanyi (BEP) relationships, i. e., a linear scaling between reaction and activation energies, lie at the core of computational design of heterogeneous catalysts. However, BEPs are not general and often require reparameterization for each class of reactions. Here we construct generalized BEPs (gBEPs), which can predict activation energies for a diverse dataset of reactions of C, O, N and H containing molecules on metal surfaces. In a first step we develop a set of descriptors based on scaling relationships that can capture the change in chemical identity of reactants during the reaction. Subsequently, we use the reaction energy, these descriptors and a single descriptor for the surface structure to parameterize machine learning based regression approaches for the prediction of activation energies. The best approach we developed shows a Mean Absolute Error (MAE) of 0.11 eV for the training set (80 % of the data set) and 0.23 eV for the test set (20 % of the data set). The methodology presented here allows to calculate activation energies within fractions of seconds on a typical personal computer and due to its generality, accuracy and simplicity in application it might prove to be useful in transition metal catalyst design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere202201108
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 20 2022


  • Machine Learning
  • activation-energies
  • scaling relationships
  • surface catalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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