Gender and the Effectiveness of Leadership Training: Results From a Field Experiment

Seung Ho An, Kenneth J. Meier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This study examines gender differences in leadership behaviors and whether leadership training would have different effects on leadership behaviors by gender. Using data from several hundred managers of welfare and financial agencies in Denmark, we first investigate whether leadership behaviors differ between female and male leaders. After that, we conducted a year-long field experiment with managers to examine how female and male leaders respond to leadership training interventions. In general, female managers improve more from leadership training even though leadership scores for female leaders were higher before training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-770
Number of pages24
JournalReview of Public Personnel Administration
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • field experiment
  • gender and leadership
  • leadership training
  • public sector leadership
  • transformational and transactional leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Administration
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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