Gender and racial/ethnic differences in CVD risk: Behavioral and psychosocial risk and resilience

John M. Ruiz, Caroline Y. Doyle, Melissa A. Flores, Sarah N. Price

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Behavioral and psychosocial factors are well-established determinants of cardiovascular disease burden. These factors exert direct effects as well as interact with traditional risk factors to negatively, and positively, influence CVD outcomes. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of key behavioral and psychosocial CVD risk factors with a focus on sex, racial/ethnic, and socioeconomic variations in prevalence and impact. This review includes a discussion of specific behaviors, clustered risk such as the American Heart Association’s (AHA) ideal cardiovascular health metrics, psychosocial stress and clinical syndromes. We conclude with a review of emerging psychosocial resilience factors and recommendations for care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783319711355
ISBN (Print)9783319711348
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Gender
  • Health behaviors
  • Health disparities
  • Psychosocial
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Resilience
  • Sex
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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