Gastric metabolomics detects Helicobacter pylori correlated loss of numerous metabolites in both the corpus and antrum

Daniela Keilberg, Nina Steele, Sili Fan, Christina Yang, Yana Zavros, Karen M. Ottemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Helicobacter pylori is a chronic bacterial pathogen that thrives in several regions of the stomach, causing inflammation that can vary by site and result in distinct disease outcomes. Whether the regions differ in terms of host-derived metabolites is not known. We thus characterized the regional variation of the metabolomes of mouse gastric corpus and antrum organoids and tissue. The uninfected secreted organoid metabolites differed between the corpus and antrum in only seven metabolites as follows: lactic acid, malic acid, phosphoethanolamine, alanine, uridine, glycerol, and isoleucine. Several of the secreted chemicals were depleted upon H. pylori infection in both regions, including urea, cholesterol, glutamine, fumaric acid, lactic acid, citric acid, malic acid, and multiple nonessential amino acids. These results suggest a model in which H. pylori preferentially uses carboxylic acids and amino acids in complex environments, and these are found in both the corpus and antrum. When organoid metabolites were compared to mouse tissue, there was little overlap. The tissue corpus and antrum metabolomes were distinct, including antrumelevated 5-methoxytryptamine, lactic acid, and caprylic acid, and corpus-elevated phospholipid products. The corpus and antrum remained distinct over an 8-month infection time course. The antrum displayed no significant changes between the time points in contrast to the corpus, which exhibited metabolite changes that were consistent with stress, tissue damage, and depletion of key nutrients, such as glutamine and fructose-6-phosphate. Overall, our results suggest that the corpus and antrum have largely but not completely overlapping metabolomes that change moderately upon H. pylori infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00690
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbon metabolism
  • Gastric
  • Organoid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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