FUSE determination of abundances in long-period pulsating V1093 her (PG 1716+426) stars

J. P. Blanchette, P. Chayer, F. Wesemael, G. Fontaine, M. Fontaine, J. Dupuis, J. W. Kruk, E. M. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present an analysis of the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) spectra of five V1093 Her (PG 1716+426) stars, the subgroup of hydrogen-rich subdwarf B stars that exhibit very low amplitude, long-period luminosity variations. Our primary aim is to investigate whether these stars display abundances which differ from those observed in the nonvariable sdB stars and also in the shorter period V361 Hya variables. For the light elements and for those beyond the iron peak, our abundances are consistent with the trends observed in earlier studies. For the important iron peak elements Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni, which are thought to be directly linked to the driving mechanism in both long-period and short-period variables, the abundances determined in the V1093 Her stars appear very homogeneous and exhibit mild enrichments (by factors of 2-5 for Cr, Mn, Fe, and Co) over the solar value. However, these abundances do not differ appreciably from those measured in a sample consisting of constant stars and one short-period pulsator. The implications of these findings for current models which involve both diffusion processes and stellar winds to account for the driving of nonradial pulsations in sdB stars are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1329-1341
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume678
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Stars: abundances
  • Stars: oscillations
  • Subdwarfs
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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