Functional dissection identifies a conserved noncoding sequence-1 core that mediates IL13 and IL4 transcriptional enhancement

Jannine M. Strempel, Donata Vercelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Conserved noncoding sequence (CNS)-1 has been shown to coordinately regulate the expression of the Th2 cytokine genes IL4, IL13, and IL5. We have used the interaction between CNS-1 and the human IL13 and IL4 promoters as a model to pursue the molecular mechanisms underlying CNS-1-dependent regulation of Th2 cytokine gene transcription. CNS-1 potently enhanced the activity of IL13 and IL4 promoter reporter vectors upon full T cell activation. Analysis of CNS-1 deletion mutants mapped enhancer activity to a short core (CNS-1-(270-337)) that contains three closely spaced cyclic AMP-responsive elements (CRE). CRE site 2 bound CRE-binding protein (CREB) and activating transcription factor (ATF)-2 in vitro and was essential for CNS-1-dependent up-regulation of IL13 transcription. Cotransfection of an IL13 reporter construct with expression vectors for wild type or mutant CREB and ATF-2 showed that CREB, but not ATF-2, regulates CNS-1 enhancer activity. Notably, chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis showed T cell activation recruits CREB and the coactivator CREB-binding protein (CBP)/p300 to the endogenous CNS-1. Moreover, CBP/p300 activity was essential for CNS-1-mediated enhancement of IL13 transcription. Collectively, these data define the region within CNS-1 responsible for enhancement of IL13 and IL4 transcription and suggest CREB/CBP-dependent mechanisms play an important role in facilitating Th2 cytokine gene expression in response to T cell receptor signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3738-3746
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 9 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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