Functional connectivity with medial temporal regions differs across cultures during post-encoding rest

Wanbing Zhang, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Ross W. Mair, Joshua Oon Soo Goh, Angela Gutchess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Connectivity of the brain at rest can reflect individual differences and impact behavioral outcomes, including memory. The present study investigated how culture influences functional connectivity with regions of the medial temporal lobe. In this study, 46 Americans and 59 East Asians completed a resting state scan after encoding pictures of objects. To investigate cross-cultural differences in resting state functional connectivity, left parahippocampal gyrus (anterior and posterior regions) and left hippocampus were selected as seed regions. These regions were selected, because they were previously implicated in a study of cultural differences during the successful encoding of detailed memories. Results revealed that left posterior parahippocampal gyrus had stronger connectivity with temporo-occipital regions for East Asians compared with Americans and stronger connectivity with parieto-occipital regions for Americans compared with East Asians. Left anterior parahippocampal gyrus had stronger connectivity with temporal regions for East Asians than Americans and stronger connectivity with frontal regions for Americans than East Asians. Although connectivity did not relate to memory performance, patterns did relate to cultural values. The degree of independent self-construal and subjective value of tradition were associated with functional connectivity involving left anterior parahippocampal gyrus. Findings are discussed in terms of potential cultural differences in memory consolidation or more general trait or state-based processes, such as holistic versus analytic processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1334-1348
Number of pages15
JournalCognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Culture
  • Functional connectivity
  • Resting state functional connectivity
  • Specific memory
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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