Functional and epigenetic phenotypes of humans and mice with DNMT3A Overgrowth Syndrome

Amanda M. Smith, Taylor A. LaValle, Marwan Shinawi, Sai M. Ramakrishnan, Haley J. Abel, Cheryl A. Hill, Nicole M. Kirkland, Michael P. Rettig, Nichole M. Helton, Sharon E. Heath, Francesca Ferraro, David Y. Chen, Sangeeta Adak, Clay F. Semenkovich, Diana L. Christian, Jenna R. Martin, Harrison W. Gabel, Christopher A. Miller, Timothy J. Ley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Germline pathogenic variants in DNMT3A were recently described in patients with overgrowth, obesity, behavioral, and learning difficulties (DNMT3AOvergrowth Syndrome/DOS). Somatic mutations in the DNMT3A gene are also the most common cause of clonal hematopoiesis, and can initiate acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Using whole genome bisulfite sequencing, we studied DNA methylation in peripheral blood cells of 11 DOS patients and found a focal, canonical hypomethylation phenotype, which is most severe with the dominant negative DNMT3AR882H mutation. A germline mouse model expressing the homologous Dnmt3aR878H mutation phenocopies most aspects of the human DOS syndrome, including the methylation phenotype and an increased incidence of spontaneous hematopoietic malignancies, suggesting that all aspects of this syndrome are caused by this mutation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4549
JournalNature communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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