The physical characteristics of a clinical prototype amorphous silicon- based flat panel imager for full-breast digital mammography have been investigated. The imager employs a thin thallium doped CsI scintillator on an amorphous silicon matrix of detector elements with a pixel pitch of 100 μ. Objective criteria such as modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectrum, detective quantum efficiency (DQE), and noise equivalent quanta were employed for this evaluation. The presampling MTF was found to be 0.73, 0.42, and 0.28 at 2, 4, and 5 cycles/mm, respectively. The measured DQE of the current prototype utilizing a 28 kVp, Mo-Mo spectrum beam hardened with 4.5 cm Lucite is -55% at close to zero spatial frequency at an exposure of 32.8 mR, and decreases to -40% at a low exposure of 1.3 mR. Detector element nonuniformity and electronic gain variations were not significant after appropriate calibration and software corrections. The response of the imager was linear and did not exhibit signal saturation under tested exposure conditions. (C) 2000 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
- Breast imaging
- Detective quantum efficiency (DQE)
- Digital mammography
- Image quality
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging