Fruit, Vegetable, and Physical Activity Guideline Adherence and Metabolic Syndrome in El Banco por Salud

Carrie S. Standage-Beier, Bahar Bakhshi, Oscar D. Parra, Lisa Soltani, Douglas J. Spegman, Patty Molina, Eladio Pereira, Lori Landes, Lawrence J. Mandarino, Lindsay N. Kohler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adherence to dietary and physical activity recommendations has been associated with reductions in morbidity and mortality. The association between baseline adherence to fruit, vegetable, and physical activity guidelines and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in El Banco por Salud (El Banco) was examined. El Banco is a wellness biobank for Latino individuals affiliated with partnered Federally Qualified Health Centers in southern Arizona. Study participants (n = 972) were 65% female, 62.3% foreign-born, 56.3% obese, 29.2% food insecure, and with an average age of 51.3 years. Adherence scores were developed using baseline questionnaires for fruits and vegetable consumption and self-reported physical activity. Adherence was low in those fully meeting guidelines for fruit, vegetable, and physical activity at 14.6%, 37.5%, and 23.5%, respectively. Roughly 65% (n = 630) had ≥3 cardiometabolic risk factors. Large waist circumference was the most prevalent risk factor at 77.9%. Adherence to physical activity recommendations differed by MetS status with 32.8% without MetS reporting ≥150 min of physical activity per week compared to 18.5% in those with MetS (p < 0.001). There were no significant associations with adherence to any guidelines and MetS in the fully adjusted model. Overall, in this sample guideline adherence was low and the cardiometabolic risk factors prevalence was high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1767
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Keywords

  • Hispanic/Latino
  • biobank
  • diet
  • metabolic syndrome
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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