From the unfolding process to self-regulation in job search: Integrating between-and within-person approaches

Serge P. da Motta Veiga, Daniel B. Turban, Allison S. Gabriel, Nitya Chawla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Searching for a job is an important process that influences short-and long-term career outcomes as well as well-being and psychological health. As such, job search research has grown tremendously over the last two decades. In this chapter, the authors provide an overview of prior research, discuss important trends in current research, and suggest areas for future research. The authors conceptualize the job search as an unfolding process (i.e., a process through which job seekers navigate through stages to achieve their goal of finding and accepting a job) in which job seekers engage in self-regulation behaviors. The authors contrast research that has taken a between-person, static approach with research that has taken a within-person, dynamic approach and highlight the importance of combining between-and within-person designs in order to have a more holistic understanding of the job search process. Finally, authors provide some recommendations for future research. Much remains to be learned about what influences job search self-regulation, and how job self-regulation influences job search and employment outcomes depending on individual, contextual, and environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-272
Number of pages32
JournalResearch in Personnel and Human Resources Management
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Between-person
  • Employment
  • Job search
  • Self-regulation
  • Unemployment
  • Unfolding process
  • Within-person

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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