Freeze and frost protection with aqueous foam - Foam development

Christopher Y. Choi, Werner Zimmt, Gene Giacomelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Aqueous foam was developed to serve as a barrier to conductive, convective, and radiative heat transfer. Through the use of a bulking agent, the physical properties of gelatin-based foam were more stable, adhesive, biodegradable, and long lasting. The phytotoxicity, possible environmental hazard and removal of the foam were also considered. Resistance to freezing-thawing, heating-evaporation, and wind were evaluated. Studies to determine the foam's long-term stability under field weather conditions were completed. The handling and performance characteristics of the foam necessary for development of this application were determined. Factors that affect the physical properties and the utilization of the foam were quantified. These included the proportions of the foam components, the mixing temperature of the prefoam solution, the application temperature, and the rate of foam generation. The newly developed foam might be ideal for freeze and frost protection in agriculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-661
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999


  • Biodegradable aqueous foam
  • Freeze and frost damage
  • Mulching
  • Plant cold protection
  • Radiation shield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture


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