A microsomal metabolite of p-bromophenol was isolated and identified as 6-(glutathion-S-yl)-4-bromocatechol. p-Bromophenol is metabolized in rat liver microsomes in part to 4-bromocatechol. The catechol undergoes autooxidation to the corresponding quinone or semiquinone, which can either covalently bind to microsomal protein or, in the presence of glutathione, form a glutathione conjugate. Superoxide dismutase inhibited these reactions by preventing the superoxide anion-mediated oxidation of 4-bromocatechol. Thus, in the presence of glutathione, superoxide dismutase caused a decrease in conjugate formation with a corresponding increase in 4-bromocatechol levels. Conditions which increased the in vitro covalent binding of p-bromophenol (namely, phenobarbital treatment and the absence of glutathione) did not cause toxicity in vivo. Thus, chemically reactive metabolite(s) of p-bromophenol do not play a role in bromobenzene-mediated hepatotoxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science