Formation of lipid reserves in fat body and eggs of the yellow fever mosquito, aedes aegypti

Rolf Ziegler, Mohab M. Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the accumulation of lipids in adult females of the mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Females emerged with about 100 μg lipid in the fat body. With access to sugar water lipids increased over seven days to 300 μg. After a blood meal on day five, sugarfed females accumulated 120-140 μg of lipids in their ovaries within 2 days. At the same time the lipid content of the fat body decreased by 100 μg, indicating transfer of lipids from fat body to oocytes. Experiments in which fat body lipids were prelabelled support this conclusion. Label was transferred to oocytes: in mature oocytes the specific radioactivity of lipids was 80% of the specific radioactivity of prelabeled fat body lipids. Components of blood meals are also used to synthesize oocyte lipids. Fat bodies of females starved for four days had only 27 μg of lipids left. When these females were given a blood meal, they matured oocytes, although the number of ooyctes was reduced and ovaries contained only half the amount of lipids found in ovaries of females which had first fed on sugar water. Fat body lipids of these females had only slightly increased to 36 μg. This demonstrates that female Ae. aegypti use sugar to synthesize lipids, but they can also use components of blood for this purpose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-627
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Blood feeding
  • Lipid reserves
  • Sugar feeding
  • Transfer of lipids from fat body to ovaries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Insect Science

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