Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (FEPS): Primordial warm dust evolution from 3 to 30 Myr around Sun-like stars

M. D. Silverstone, M. R. Meyer, E. E. Mamajek, D. C. Hines, L. A. Hillenbrand, J. Najita, I. Pascucci, J. Bouwman, J. S. Kim, J. M. Carpenter, J. R. Stauffer, D. E. Backman, A. Moro-Martin, T. Henning, S. Wolf, T. Y. Brooke, D. L. Padgett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


We present data obtained with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) aboard the Spitzer Space Telescope (Spitzer) for a sample of 74 young (t < 30 Myr old) Sun-like (0.7 < M*/M < 1.5) stars. These are a subset of the observations that comprise the Spitzer Legacy science program entitled the Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (FEPS). Using IRAC, we study the fraction of young stars that exhibit 3.6-8.0 μm infrared emission in excess of that expected from the stellar photosphere, as a function of age from 3 to 30 Myr. The most straightforward interpretation of such excess emission is the presence of hot (300-1000 K) dust in the inner regions (<3 AU) of a circumstellar disk. Five out of the 74 young stars show a strong infrared excess, four of which have estimated ages of 3-10 Myr. While we detect excesses from five optically thick disks and photospheric emission from the remainder of our sample, we do not detect any excess emission from optically thin disks at these wavelengths. We compare our results with accretion disk fractions detected in previous studies and use the ensemble results to place additional constraints on the dissipation timescales for optically thick, primordial disks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1138-1146
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Mar 10 2006


  • Infrared: stars
  • Planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: pre-main-sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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