Form and meaning in Hiaki (Yaqui) verbal reduplication

Heidi Harley, Maria Florez Leyva

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This paper provides a description of the reduplication patterns of Hiaki (also known as Yaqui or Yoeme), based on a corpus of hundreds of reduplicated verbs with example sentences. The various phonological shapes that reduplication can take are described and the morphological, phonological, and lexical factors which affect the particular reduplicant shape associated with a given verb stem are considered. The primary meanings which reduplication can convey are described, including habitual aspect, emphasis, and iteration, as well as a few secondary meanings associated with particular lexical items. It is established that reduplicant shape is not correlated with reduplication meaning, with one small subclass of exceptions. Finally, reduplicated forms of complex and compound verbs are discussed, with particular emphasis on their word-internal, headmarking character.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-272
Number of pages40
JournalInternational Journal of American Linguistics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • Compound verbs
  • Habitual aspect
  • Possessive verbs
  • Root-conditioned allomorphy
  • Uto-Aztecan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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