Mechanisms now exist that detect tampering of a database, through the use of cryptographically-strong hash functions. This paper addresses the next problem, that of determining who, when, and what, by providing a systematic means of performing forensic analysis after such tampering has been uncovered. We introduce a schematic representation termed a "corruption diagram" that aids in intrusion investigation. We use these diagrams to fully analyze the original proposal, that of a linked sequence of hash values. We examine the various kinds of intrusions that are possible, including retroactive, introactive, backdating, and postdating intrusions. We then introduce successively more sophisticated forensic analysis algorithms: the monochromatic, RGB, and polychromatic algorithms, and characterize the "forensic strength" of these algorithms. We show how forensic analysis can efficiently extract a good deal of information concerning a corruption event.