Food insecurity during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in four African countries

Lorin Rudin-Rush, Jeffrey D. Michler, Anna Josephson, Jeffrey R. Bloem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


We document trends in food security up to one full year after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in four African countries. Using household-level data collected by the World Bank, we highlight differences over time amid the pandemic, between rural and urban areas, and between female-headed and male-headed households within Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Malawi, and Nigeria. We first observe a sharp increase in food insecurity during the early months of the pandemic with a subsequent gradual decline. Next, we find that food insecurity has increased more in rural areas than in urban areas relative to pre-pandemic data within each of these countries. Finally, we do not find a systematic difference in changes in food insecurity between female-headed and male-headed households. These trends complement previous microeconomic analysis studying short-term changes in food security associated with the pandemic and existing macroeconomic projections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102306
JournalFood Policy
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • COVID-19 pandemic, Food security, Markets, Gender, Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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