Food-Based Edible and Nutritive Electronics

Wenwen Xu, Haokai Yang, Wei Zeng, Todd Houghton, Xu Wang, Raghavendra Murthy, Hoejin Kim, Yirong Lin, Marc Mignolet, Huigao Duan, Hongbin Yu, Marvin Slepian, Hanqing Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


A new class of electronic materials derived predominantly from natural foods and foodstuffs, with minimal levels of inorganic materials, is developed and studied to build edible electronic components and devices compatible with the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. A “toolkit” of food-based electronic materials, fabrication schemes, basic device components, and functional devices with integrated sensing and wireless signal transmission is reported. These new materials establish the possibility to extend GI electronic devices beyond the ingested nondegradable systems to edible and nutritive systems, in which the described materials may be ingested and assimilated as metabolized nutrients. This study represents a new era of edible electronics with the potential to revolutionize modern biomedical technologies and devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1700181
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017


  • biodegradable materials
  • edible electronics
  • electronic devices
  • food materials
  • gastrointestinal tract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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