Fluorine in a carbon-enhanced metal-poor star

Simon C. Schuler, Katia Cunha, Verne V. Smith, Thirupathi Sivarani, Timothy C. Beers, Young Sun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fluorine abundance of the carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) star HE 1305+0132 has been derived by analysis of the molecular HF (1-0) R9 line at 2.3357 μm in a high-resolution (R = 50,000) spectrum obtained with the Phoenix spectrometer and Gemini-South telescope. Our abundance analysis makes use of a CNO-enhanced ATLAS12 model atmosphere characterized by a metallicity and CNO enhancements determined utilizing medium-resolution (R = 3000) optical and near-IR spectra. The effective iron abundance is found to be [Fe/H] = -2.5, making HE 1305+0132 the most Fe-deficient star, by more than an order of magnitude, for which the abundance of fluorine has been measured. Using spectral synthesis, we derive a supersolar fluorine abundance of A(19 F) = 4.96 ± 0.21 corresponding to a relative abundance of [F/Fe] = +2.90. A single line of the Phillips C2 system is identified in our Phoenix spectrum, and along with multiple lines of the first-overtone vibration-rotation CO (3-1) band head, C and O abundances of A(12C) = 8.57 ± 0.11 and A(16O) = 7.04 ± 0.14 are derived. We consider the striking fluorine overabundance in the framework of the nucleosynthetic processes thought to be responsible for the C-enhancement of CEMP stars and conclude that the atmosphere of HE 1305+0132 was polluted via mass transfer by a primary companion during its asymptotic giant branch phase. This is the first study of fluorine in a CEMP star, and it demonstrates that this rare nuclide can be a key diagnostic of nucleosynthetic processes in the early Galaxy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L81-L84
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume667
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Stars: Abundances
  • Stars: Atmospheres
  • Stars: Carbon
  • Stars: Population II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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