Fluorine Abundances in the Globular Cluster M4

Rafael Guerço, Katia Cunha, Verne V. Smith, Claudio B. Pereira, Carlos Abia, David L. Lambert, Patrick De Laverny, Alejandra Recio-Blanco, Henrik Jönsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


We present chemical abundances for the elements carbon, sodium, and fluorine in 15 red giants of the globular cluster M4, as well as six red giants of the globular cluster ω Centauri. The chemical abundances were calculated in LTE via spectral synthesis. The spectra analyzed are high-resolution spectra obtained in the near-infrared region around 2.3 μm with the Phoenix spectrograph on the 8.1 m Gemini South Telescope, the IGRINS spectrograph on the McDonald Observatory 2.7 m Telescope, and the CRIRES spectrograph on the ESO 8.2 m Very Large Telescope. The results indicate a significant reduction in the fluorine abundances when compared to previous values from the literature for M4 and ω Centauri, due to a downward revision in the excitation potentials of the HF (1-0) R9 line used in the analysis. The fluorine abundances obtained for the M4 red giants are found to be anticorrelated with those of Na, following the typical pattern of abundance variations seen in globular clusters between distinct stellar populations. In M4, as the Na abundance increases by ∼+0.4 dex, the F abundance decreases by ∼-0.2 dex. A comparison with abundance predictions from two sets of stellar evolution models finds that the models predict somewhat less F depletion (∼-0.1 dex) for the same increase of +0.4 dex in Na.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • globular clusters: individual (M4, ω Centauri)
  • infrared: stars
  • stars: abundances
  • stars: atmospheres
  • techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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