Fitness Costs and Incomplete Resistance Associated with Delayed Evolution of Practical Resistance to Bt Crops

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Insect pests are increasingly evolving practical resistance to insecticidal transgenic crops that produce Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins. Here, we analyzed data from the literature to evaluate the association between practical resistance to Bt crops and two pest traits: fitness costs and incomplete resistance. Fitness costs are negative effects of resistance alleles on fitness in the absence of Bt toxins. Incomplete resistance entails a lower fitness of resistant individuals on a Bt crop relative to a comparable non-Bt crop. In 66 studies evaluating strains of nine pest species from six countries, costs in resistant strains were lower in cases with practical resistance (14%) than without practical resistance (30%). Costs in F1 progeny from crosses between resistant and susceptible strains did not differ between cases with and without practical resistance. In 24 studies examining seven pest species from four countries, survival on the Bt crop relative to its non-Bt crop counterpart was higher in cases with practical resistance (0.76) than without practical resistance (0.43). Together with previous findings showing that the nonrecessive inheritance of resistance is associated with practical resistance, these results identify a syndrome associated with practical resistance to Bt crops. Further research on this resistance syndrome could help sustain the efficacy of Bt crops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214
JournalInsects
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • Bt soybean, Bt corn and Bt cotton
  • genetically engineered
  • genetically modified
  • pest adaptation
  • resistance management
  • resistance syndrome
  • sustainability
  • transgenic crops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

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