Finite Element Modelling for Assessing Effect of Acetabular Component Orientation on the Basic Stress Path above Acetabular Dome

Yong Nie, Fu Xing Pei, Zong Ming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of acetabular component orientation on the basic stress path above the acetabular dome in the recommended safe zone. Methods: A subject-specific normal hip finite element model was generated and a convergence study carried out to determine the number of material properties for trabecular bone using a normal hip model. Four abduction angles (35°, 40°, 45° and 50°) and four anteversion angles (10°, 15°, 20° and 25°) from the recommended safe zone of acetabular cup orientation were chosen to simulate acetabular reconstruction. The distribution and level of periacetabular stress was assessed using a normal hip model as a control and 16 reconstructed acetabula in simulated single-legged stances. Results: The error of the average stress between plans four and five (50 and 100 materials for trabecular bone respectively) was 4.8%, which is less than the previously defined 5% error. The effect of acetabular component orientation on stress distribution in trabecular bone was not pronounced. When the acetabular component was at 15° anteversion and the abduction angle was 40° or 45°, the stress level on posterolateral cortical bone above the acetabular dome was as stable as that in the normal hip model. Conclusions: Acetabular component orientation affects the basic stress path above the acetabular dome. Thus, orientation should be considered when attempting to restore normal biomechanics in the main load-bearing area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-73
Number of pages8
JournalOrthopaedic surgery
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetabular component orientation
  • Acetabular reconstruction
  • Finite element
  • Stress path

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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