Objective: To investigate the effect of acetabular component orientation on the basic stress path above the acetabular dome in the recommended safe zone. Methods: A subject-specific normal hip finite element model was generated and a convergence study carried out to determine the number of material properties for trabecular bone using a normal hip model. Four abduction angles (35°, 40°, 45° and 50°) and four anteversion angles (10°, 15°, 20° and 25°) from the recommended safe zone of acetabular cup orientation were chosen to simulate acetabular reconstruction. The distribution and level of periacetabular stress was assessed using a normal hip model as a control and 16 reconstructed acetabula in simulated single-legged stances. Results: The error of the average stress between plans four and five (50 and 100 materials for trabecular bone respectively) was 4.8%, which is less than the previously defined 5% error. The effect of acetabular component orientation on stress distribution in trabecular bone was not pronounced. When the acetabular component was at 15° anteversion and the abduction angle was 40° or 45°, the stress level on posterolateral cortical bone above the acetabular dome was as stable as that in the normal hip model. Conclusions: Acetabular component orientation affects the basic stress path above the acetabular dome. Thus, orientation should be considered when attempting to restore normal biomechanics in the main load-bearing area.
- Acetabular component orientation
- Acetabular reconstruction
- Finite element
- Stress path
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine