Fe2+: ZnSe and graphene Q-switched singly Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers at 3 μm

Gongwen Zhu, Xiushan Zhu, Kaushik Balakrishnan, Robert A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


μm Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers passively Q-switched by a Fe2+:ZnSe crystal and graphene saturable absorbers were investigated, respectively. 800 ns pulses at 2.93 μm with an energy of 460 nJ and repetition rate of 105 KHz were obtained when a Fe2+:ZnSe crystal was inserted into a free space collimating and focusing setup. A more compact and reliable Q-switched fiber laser was achieved when a graphene coated fiber mirror was butt-coupled to the angle-cleaved end of the gain fiber. 1.2 μs pulses with an energy of 1 μJ and repetition rate of 100 KHz were achieved. More than 100 mW average output power was obtained at the maximum available pump power. Our experiments demonstrate that both Fe2+:ZnSe crystal and graphene are promising saturable absorbers for pulse generation in the 3 μm wavelength region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1365-1377
Number of pages13
JournalOptical Materials Express
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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