Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study

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140 Scopus citations


We present a numerical study of self-focusing and optical breakdown of focused femtosecond pulses in argon using an extended nonlinear Schrödinger equation for the field coupled to an equation for the electron density generated via multiphoton ionization. Using the pressure as a control parameter we are able to identify different regimes of femtosecond pulse propagation from a low-pressure regime dominated by plasma effects [formula presented] to full blown self-focusing collapse arrested by normal group velocity dispersion at high pressures [formula presented] In the intermediate region [formula presented] the dynamics of the pulse propagation is affected by both self-focusing and plasma effects and can lead to multiple collapse events and also stabilized propagation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4903-4910
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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