Feasibility of using unattended polysomnography in children for research-report of the tucson children's assessment of sleep apnea study (TuCASA)

J. L. Goodwin, P. L. Enright, K. L. Kaemingk, G. M. Rosen, W. J. Morgan, R. F. Fregosi, S. F. Quan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations


Study Objectives: The Tucson Children's Assessment of Sleep Apnea study (TuCASA) is designed to investigate the prevalence and correlates of objectively measured sleep-disordered breathing in pre-adolescent children. This paper documents the methods and feasibility of attaining quality unattended polysomnograms in the first 162 TuCASA children recruited. Design: A prospective cohort study projected to enroll 500 children between 5 and 12 years of age who will undergo unattended polysomnography, neurocognitive evaluation, and physiological and anatomical measurements thought to be associated with sleep-disordered breathing. Setting: Children are recruited through the Tucson Unified School District. Polysomnograms and anthropometric measurements are completed in the child's home. Participants: Of the 157 children enrolled in TuCASA, there were 100 children (64%) between 5-8 years old and 57 children (36%) between the ages of 9 to 12. There were 74 (47%) Hispanic children, and 68 (43%) female participants. Interventions: N/A Measurements & Results: Technically acceptable studies were obtained in 157 children (97%). The initial pass rate was 91%, which improved to 97% when 9 children who failed on the first night of recording completed a second study which was acceptable. In 152 studies (97%), greater than 5 hours of interpretable respiratory, electroencephalographic, and oximetry signals were obtained. The poorest signal quality was obtained from the chin electromyogram and from the combination thermister/nasal cannula. Parents reported that 54% of children slept as well as, or better than usual, while 40% reported that their child slept somewhat worse than usual. Only 6% were observed to sleep much worse than usual. Nightto-night variability in key polysomnographic parameters (n=10) showed a high degree of reproducibility on 2 different nights of study using identical protocols in the same child. In 5 children, polysomnograms done in the home were comparable to those recorded in a sleep laboratory. Conclusions: The high quality of data collected in TuCASA demonstrates that multi-channel polysomnography data can be successfully obtained in children aged 5-12 years in an unattended setting under a research protocol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-944
Number of pages8
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 15 2001


  • Children
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Polysomnography
  • Sleep
  • Sleep-disordered breathing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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