Fatal injury: Characteristics and prevention of deaths at the scene

Harvey Meislin, Carol Conroy, Kevin Conn, Bruce Parks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Background: Almost half of all trauma deaths occur at the scene. It is important to determine if these deaths can be prevented. Methods: Penetrating or blunt force trauma deaths were identified through the Office of the Medical Examiner during a 2-year period. Data were also obtained through review of these records. Results: There were 312 deaths at the scene that received no medical care. Almost 60% were firearm-related. About 80% of the victims were men, and 55% of these deaths occurred in people between 20 and 49 years old. Suicide accounted for nearly half of these deaths. Eighty percent of these injured people had Abbreviated Injury Scale scores of 5 or 6. Conclusion: Almost 60% of deaths at the scene occurred at the same time as injury and reflect severe injury to vital regions of the body. These findings suggest that primary prevention of the initial event causing injury may be more important than definitive prehospital emergency medical care to prevent these deaths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-461
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1999


  • Abbreviated Injury Scale
  • Emergency medical services
  • Injuries
  • Suicide
  • Trauma
  • Traumatic death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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