Far-infrared Properties of the Bright, Gravitationally Lensed Quasar J0439+1634 at z = 6.5

Jinyi Yang, Bram Venemans, Feige Wang, Xiaohui Fan, Mladen Novak, Roberto Decarli, Fabian Walter, Minghao Yue, Emmanuel Momjian, Charles R. Keeton, Ran Wang, Ann Zabludoff, Xue Bing Wu, Fuyan Bian

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41 Scopus citations


We present IRAM NOrthern Extended Millimeter Array, James Clerk Maxwell Telescope/Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array-2 and Very Large Array (VLA) observations of the most distant known gravitationally lensed quasar, J0439+1634 at z = 6.5. We detect strong dust emission, [C ii] 158 μm, [C i] 369 μm, [O i] 146 μm, CO(6-5), CO(7-6), CO(9-8), CO(10-9), H2O 31,2-22,1, and H2O 32,1-31,2 lines, as well as a weak radio continuum. The strong [C ii] line yields a systemic redshift of the host galaxy to be z = 6.5188 ± 0.0002. The magnification makes J0439+1634 the far-infrared (FIR) brightest quasar at z > 6 known, with the brightest [C ii] line yet detected at this redshift. The FIR luminosity is (3.4 ± 0.2) × 1013 μ -1 L o, where μ ∼2.6-6.6 is the magnification of the host galaxy, estimated based on the lensing configuration from HST imaging. We estimate the dust mass to be (2.2 ± 0.1) × 109 μ -1 . The CO spectral line energy distribution using four CO lines are best fit by a two-component model of the molecular gas excitation. The estimates of molecular gas mass derived from CO lines, and atomic carbon mass are consistent, in the range of (3.9-8.9) × 1010 μ -1 . The [C ii]/[C i], [C ii]/CO, and [O i]/[C ii] line luminosity ratios suggest a photodissociation region model with more than one component. The ratio of H2O 32,1-31,2 line luminosity to L TIR is consistent with values in local and high-redshift ultra-/hyper-luminous infrared galaxies. The VLA observations reveal an unresolved radio continuum source, and indicate that J0439+1634 is a radio-quiet quasar with R = 0.05-0.17.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number153
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019


  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: ISM
  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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