Experiences of racism and heterosexism are common among marginalized adolescents and young adults. Family socialization processes that aim to prepare young people for bias have been studied among racial–ethnic minority populations; however, they have not been investigated among sexual minority populations. This study examined the associations among preparation for bias related to ethnicity and sexual orientation, minority stressors (i.e., bias-based victimization and discrimination) attributed to ethnicity and sexual orientation, and well-being (i.e., depressive symptoms and self-esteem) in a sample of 236 Latinx adolescents and young adults (Mage = 19). All minority stressors were associated with poorer well-being. Preparation for bias related to ethnicity was not associated with well-being; however, preparation for bias related to sexual orientation was associated with lower self-esteem. Furthermore, preparation for bias related to sexual orientation moderated the association between bias-based victimization and depressive symptoms such that the association was only significant at high levels of preparation.
- Latinx youth
- preparation for bias
- sexual minority
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)