Family Self-efficacy for diabetes management: Psychometric testing

Marylyn M. McEwen, Alice Pasvogel, Carolyn L. Murdaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management among Hispanic adults occurs in a family context. Self-efficacy (SE) affects T2DM selfmanagement behaviors; however, no instruments are available to measure family diabetes self-efficacy. The study's purpose was to test the psychometric properties of the Family Self-Efficacy for Diabetes Scale (FSE). Methods: Family members (n = 113) of adults with T2DM participated. Psychometric analysis included internal consistency reliability and concurrent and construct validity. Results: Internal consistency reliability was .86. Items loaded on 2 factors, Family SE for Supporting Healthy Behaviors and Family SE for Supporting General Health, accounting for 71% of the variance. FSE correlated significantly with 3 diabetes-related instruments. Conclusions: The FSE is a reliable and valid instrument. Further testing is needed in diverse populations and geographic areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E32-E43
JournalJournal of nursing measurement
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016


  • Family self-efficacy
  • Hispanic
  • Mexican American
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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