Family adjustment to heart transplantation: Redesigning the dream

Merle H. Mishel, Carolyn L. Murdaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


The processes family members of heart transplant recipients use to manage the unpredictability evoked by the need for and receipt of heart transplantation were explored. Twenty family members were theoretically sampled using the grounded theory approach. Three separate family support groups, each of 12 weeks duration, provided data for constant comparative analysis. Redesigning the dream was identified as the integrative theme in the substantive theory that described how family members gradually modify their beliefs about organ transplantation and develop attitudes and beliefs to meet the challenge of living with continual unpredictability. The theory consists of three concepts, immersion, passage, and negotiation, which parallel the stages of waiting for a donor, hospitalization, and recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-338
Number of pages7
JournalNursing research
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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