Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practices in the commune of Sakété, southern Benin: A cross-sectional study

Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Sam Bodjrenou, Maryline Baba-Ode, Jaurès Lokonon, Sosthene Vissoh, Célestin Agassounon, Halimatou Alaofe

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices in community settings of southern Benin. We conducted a quantitative and qualitative cross-sectional study in Sakété commune. Six midwives and 100 breastfeeding women with at least one child under 6 months of age completed a semi-structured questionnaire. We also conducted focus groups with grandmothers. The quantitative data were analyzed with SPSS 20 using chi-square tests, Student's t-tests, and logistic regression. The data from the focus groups were analyzed thematically. The Information-Education-Communication (IEC) sessions on the EBF were conducted in all the visited maternity care facilities. Nonetheless, only 58% of breastfeeding mothers followed EBF practices, and most grandmothers did not follow EBF practices. Regression analysis identified that mothers who participated in IEC sessions focused on good infant feeding and nutrition practices and those seeking advice from close relatives were more likely to use EBF. The study revealed a low EBF rate and suggested that interventions could educate mothers and other household members on the importance of timely breastfeeding initiation in the study area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number01100
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
StatePublished - Nov 9 2021
Event2021 International Congress on Health Vigilance, VIGISAN 2021 - Kenitra, Morocco
Duration: Jul 15 2021Jul 17 2021


  • Benin
  • Breastfeeding women
  • Exclusive breastfeeding
  • Information-Education-Communication
  • Nutritional education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Energy
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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