Factors affecting the development and management of Septoria leaf spot of pistachio in Arizona

Michael E. Matheron, Robert E. Call

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


In 1964, Septoria leaf spot was detected for the first time in the United States in experimental pistachio (Pistacia vera) plantings at Brownwood, Texas. A moderate level of the same disease, caused by the fungus Septoria pistaciarum, was first observed in 1986 on leaves of pistachio trees in Arizona. In 1988 a survey of the 800 ha of pistachio orchards in southeastern Arizona revealed a widespread incidence of the disease. Since the initial discovery and identification of the disease, Septoria leaf spot has appeared every year in Arizona pistachio orchards. The onset and severity of the disease is affected by summer rainfall that occurs in this region. Yearly disease management studies conducted since 1992 have shown that as few as two applications of chlorothalonil in July and August can virtually prevent disease development. Applications of copper hydroxide or benomyl alone or in combination also effectively arrested disease development. Leaves around nut clusters not receiving fungicide treatments were senescent at crop maturity, while leaves on treated trees showed no sign of senescence. Pistachio trees infected with Septoria leaf spot and not treated with a fungicide can defoliate in the autumn up to 2 months prematurely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9789066057807
StatePublished - Aug 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
ISSN (Print)0567-7572


  • Pistacia vera
  • Septoria pistaciarum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture


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