A new cyclic opioid peptide of sequence Tyr-D-Pen-Gly-Phe-Cys-Phe (HBP2) was examined in the mouse isolated vas deferens (MVD) bioassay. Studies with receptor-selective opioid antagonists showed the peptide to be highly selective for σ opioid receptors. HBP2 and the standard σ agonist DPDPE were simultaneously compared using the technique of partial irreversible receptor blockade; data were analyzed using the operational model of pharmacologic agonism. HBP2 was approximately 160 times as potent as DPDPE; estimation of the affinity and efficacy of the two peptides revealed that the potency increase was due to a 5.3-fold increase in efficacy, as well as a 37-fold increase affinity. This contrasts with our previous findings with other cyclic enkephalin analogs, in which increased affinity was achieved without a change in apparent efficacy. Analysis of concentration-response curve shape suggested in addition the possibility of heterogeneity in transduction mechanism for MVD σ receptors.
- Agonist efficacy
- Delta opioid receptors
- Vas deferens
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)