Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation mediates mitochondrial dysfunction and necrosis induced by hydrogen peroxide in renal proximal tubular cells

Shougang Zhuang, Gilbert R. Kinsey, Yan Yan, Jiahuai Han, Rick G. Schnellmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although tubular necrosis in acute renal failure is associated with excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the mechanism of ROS-induced cell necrosis remains poorly understood. In this study, we examined the role of the extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in H2O 2-induced necrosis of renal proximal tubular cells (RPTC) in primary culture. Exposure of 60 to 70% confluent RPTC to 1 mM H2O2 for 3 h resulted in 44% necrotic cell death, as measured by trypan blue uptake, and inactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), the upstream activator of ERK, by either 1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1,4-bis[2-aminophenylthio] butadiene (U0126) or 2-(2′-amino-3′-methoxyphenyl)-oxanaphthalen-4- one (PD98059) or overexpression of dominant-negative mutant of MEK1, inhibited cell death. In contrast, overexpression of active MEK1 enhanced H 2O2-induced cell death. H2O2 treatment led to the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in RPTC, which was decreased by U0126 and PD98059. Furthermore, inhibition of the MEK/ERK pathway decreased oxidant-mediated ERK1/2 activation and mitochondrial swelling in isolated renal cortex mitochondria. However, treatment with cyclosporin A (CsA), a mitochondrial permeability transition blocker, did not suppress RPTC necrotic cell death, loss of MMP, and mitochondrial swelling. We suggest that ERK is a critical mediator of mitochondrial dysfunction and necrotic cell death of renal epithelial cells following oxidant injury. Oxidant-induced necrotic cell death was mediated by a CsA-insensitive loss of MMP that is regulated by the ERK pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)732-740
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume325
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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