Exploring performance predictors among employees in a pharmacist-led medication management center

Srujitha Marupuru, David R. Axon, Patrick Campbell, Chanadda Chinthammit, Stephanie Forbes, Rose Martin, Ann M. Taylor, Terri L. Warholak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: Health care companies are increasingly interested in developing and maintaining employee motivation. However, this can be challenging with different professions working together in delivering telephonic medication therapy management services. The purpose of the study is to assess employees’ perceptions of performance metrics, strategies to achieve those metrics, motivational work factors, and barriers to achievement at a medication management center (MMC). Design: Focus group using purposive sampling. Setting: Six in-person focus groups were conducted with the MMC employees. Participants: Separate focus groups were conducted for pharmacists, student pharmacist interns, and pharmacy technicians. Each group consisted of approximately 5 participants, lasted roughly 1 hour, and was facilitated by trained qualitative researchers. Outcome measures: The semistructured sessions involved participants responding to open-ended, predetermined questions introduced by a facilitator. The sessions were audio-recorded and transcribed for analysis. Two independent reviewers analyzed the transcripts; a third independent reviewer facilitated a consensus to resolve discrepancies. Results: Thirty MMC employees, with an average age of 32.1 ± 10.5 years, participated; most of them (73.3%) were women and had worked at the MMC for an average of 2.8 ± 2.2 years. Six themes were identified: (1) awareness and understanding of performance measures; (2) perceptions of performance measures; (3) suggested changes to make the performance measures more reflective of their roles; (4) motivating factors to improve performance; (5) performance barriers; and (6) strategies to achieve performance goals. The intrinsic motivational factors included providing patient care, helping change patients’ lives, and meeting work goals. The extrinsic motivational factors included remuneration, management, teamwork, work environment, and feedback. The performance barriers were unrealistic goals, lack of feedback, ineffective communication, and inconsistent operational procedures. Conclusions: These study findings contribute to a growing body of research surrounding employee motivation within organizations with diverse workforces. Future work is warranted to investigate employee motivation in similar pharmacy-related settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-817
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology


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