Exploring household income as a predictor of psychological well-being among long-term colorectal cancer survivors

J. Jason Lundy, Stephen Joel Coons, Christopher Wendel, Mark C. Hornbrook, Lisa Herrinton, Marcia Grant, Robert S. Krouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this analysis was to determine the unique contribution of household income to the variance explained in psychological well-being (PWB) among a sample of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. Methods: This study is a secondary analysis of data collected as part of the Health-Related Quality of Life in Long-Term Colorectal Cancer Survivors Study, which included CRC survivors with (cases) and without (controls) ostomies. The dataset included socio-demographic, health status, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) information. HRQOL was assessed with the modified City of Hope Quality of Life (mCOH-QOL)-Ostomy questionnaire and SF-36v2. To assess the relationship between income and PWB, a hierarchical linear regression model was constructed combining data from both cases and controls. Results: After accounting for the proportion of variance in PWB explained by the other independent variables in the model, the additional variance explained by income was significant (R 2 increased from 0.228 to 0.250; P = 0.006). Conclusions: Although the study design does not allow causal inference, these results demonstrate a significant relationship between income and PWB in CRC survivors. The findings suggest that for non-randomized group comparisons of HRQOL, income should, at the very least, be included as a control variable in the analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalQuality of Life Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2009


  • Colorectal cancer
  • Income
  • Physical well-being
  • Psychological well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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