Exploratory temperature and precipitation reconstructions from the Qinling Mountains, North-Central China

Gregg M. Garfin, Malcolm K. Hughes, Liu Yu, James M. Burns, Ramzi Touchan, Steven W. Leavitt, An Zhisheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


February-April (FMA) temperature at Foping (1879-1989) and July-August (JA) precipitation at Xian (1895-1988) have been reconstructed using total ring width (TRW) and maximum latewood density (MXD) from trees in the Qinling Mountains, at the northern limit of the East Asian monsoon, in central China. The Xian JA precipitation reconstruction, albeit short, represents the first well-replicated, crossdated dendroclimatic reconstruction of summer monsoon precipitation for this region. Reconstructed Xian precipitation shows significant positive relationships with historical evidence from the region. The key feature of the precipitation reconstruction is prolonged summer drought during the late 1920s and early 1930s. The Foping reconstruction displays warmer-than-average FMA temperatures during this time period. These exploratory reconstructions, along with a previous reconstruction from Huashan, demonstrate the complexity of attempting dendroclimatic reconstructions from this region. Our results indicate that further attempts to locate long-lived conifers from here can result in an extended well-calibrated and verified reconstruction of summer monsoon precipitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-72
Number of pages14
JournalTree-Ring Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2005


  • Asian monsoon
  • China
  • Dendroclimatology
  • Precipitation
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Palaeontology


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