Experimental demonstration of gray-scale sparse modulation codes in volume holographic storage

Brian M. King, Geoffrey W. Burr, Mark A. Neifeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


We discuss experimental results of a versatile nonbinary modulation and channel code appropriate for two-dimensional page-oriented holographic memories. An enumerative permutation code is used to provide a modulation code that permits a simple maximum-likelihood detection scheme. Experimental results from the IBM Demon testbed are used to characterize the performance and feasibility of the proposed modulation and channel codes. A reverse coding technique is introduced to combat the effects of error propagation on the modulation-code performance. We find experimentally that level-3 pixels achieve the best practical results, offering an 11–35% improvement in capacity and a 12% increase in readout rate as compared with local binary thresholding techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2546-2559
Number of pages14
JournalApplied optics
Issue number14
StatePublished - May 10 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental demonstration of gray-scale sparse modulation codes in volume holographic storage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this