Exocometary gas in the HD 181327 debris ring

S. Marino, L. Matrà, C. Stark, M. C. Wyatt, S. Casassus, G. Kennedy, D. Rodriguez, B. Zuckerman, S. Perez, W. R.F. Dent, M. Kuchner, A. M. Hughes, G. Schneider, A. Steele, A. Roberge, J. Donaldson, E. Nesvold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

An increasing number of observations have shown that gaseous debris discs are not an exception. However, until now, we only knew of cases around A stars. Here we present the first detection of 12CO (2-1) disc emission around an F star, HD 181327, obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations at 1.3 mm. The continuum and CO emission are resolved into an axisymmetric disc with ring-like morphology. Using a Markov chain Monte Carlo method coupled with radiative transfer calculations, we study the dust and CO mass distribution. We find the dust is distributed in a ring with a radius of 86.0 ± 0.4 au and a radial width of 23.2 ± 1.0 au. At this frequency, the ring radius is smaller than in the optical, revealing grain size segregation expected due to radiation pressure. We also report on the detection of low-level continuum emission beyond the main ring out to ~200 au. We model the CO emission in the non-local thermodynamic equilibrium regime and we find that the CO is co-located with the dust, with a total CO gas mass ranging between 1.2 × 10-6 M and 2.9 × 10-6 M, depending on the gas kinetic temperature and collisional partners densities. The CO densities and location suggest a secondary origin, i.e. released from icy planetesimals in the ring. We derive a CO+CO2 cometary composition that is consistent with Solar system comets. Due to the low gas densities, it is unlikely that the gas is shaping the dust distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2933-2944
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume460
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 2016

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Planetary systems
  • Radio continuum: planetary systems
  • Stars: individual: HD 181327

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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