Exercise-induced β2-adrenergic Receptor Activation Enhances the Antileukemic Activity of Expanded γδ T-Cells via DNAM-1 Upregulation and PVR/Nectin-2 Recognition

Forrest L. Baker, Kyle A. Smith, Preetesh L. Mylabathula, Tiffany M. Zúñiga, Douglass M. Diak, Helena Batatinha, Grace M. Niemiro, Michael D. Seckeler, Charles R. Pedlar, Daniel P. O’Connor, Jamie Colombo, Emmanuel Katsanis, Richard J. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exercise mobilizes cytotoxic lymphocytes to blood which may allow superior cell products to be harvested and manufactured for cancer therapy. Gamma-Delta (γδ) T-cells have shown promise for treating solid tumors, but there is a need to increase their potency against hematologic malignancies. Here, we show that human γδ T-cells mobilized to blood in response to just 20 minutes of graded exercise have surface phenotypes and transcriptomic profiles associated with cytotoxicity, adhesion, migration, and cytokine signaling. Following 14 days ex vivo expansion with zoledronic acid and IL2, exercise mobilized γδ T-cells had surface phenotypes and transcriptomic profiles associated with enhanced effector functions and demonstrated superior cytotoxic activity against multiple hematologic tumors in vitro and in vivo in leukemia-bearing xenogeneic mice. Infusing humans with the β1+β2-agonist isoproterenol and administering β1 or β1+β2 antagonists prior to exercise revealed these effects to be β2-adrenergic receptor (AR) dependent. Antibody blocking of DNAM-1 on expanded γδ T-cells, as well as the DNAM-1 ligands PVR and Nectin-2 on leukemic targets, abolished the enhanced antileukemic effects of exercise. These findings provide a mechanistic link between exercise, β2-AR activation, and the manufacture of superior γδ T-cell products for adoptive cell therapy against hematologic malignancies. Significance: Exercise mobilizes effector γδ T-cells to blood via β2-adrenergic signaling which allows for generation of a potent expanded γδ T-cell product that is highly cytotoxic against hematologic malignancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1253-1267
Number of pages15
JournalCancer research communications
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • General Medicine

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